Viterbo is the name given to a province in the Italian region of Lazio as well as the name of its capital city. Viterbo, the province, is bordered to the north by the provinces of Grosseto and Siena. To the west is the Tyrrhenian Sea, providing coastal attractions and to the south lies Rome. Green landscapes and enchanting medieval villages characterize the Tuscia zone and its capital, Viterbo. It is an oasis of gustatory delights and relaxing scenes, situated amidst the legacies of the Etruscans and the Via Francigena. Viterbo is characterized by volcanic landscapes, with many lakes formed from ancient craters. The terrain is flatter to the north of the province, and becomes more hilly and mountainous as one goes towards the Cimini Mountains. The mighty Tiber River also runs through Viterbo. The coastline is characterized by Mediterranean climate, and the beaches are crystal clear. There are numerous beach resorts that cater to the needs of tourists and the province is a well known beach vacation destination.
General Information and History
Viterbo comprises a land area of three thousand six hundred and fifteen square miles. The population tops out at three hundred and twenty one thousand nine hundred and fifty five people. The area of Viterbo was home to a number of Etruscan cities, including Viterbo the capital city. Viterbo was conquered by the Romans in 310BC and changed hands after that between the notable powers that vied for control of the rest of Italy. Viterbo officially became part of the kingdom of Italy 1870.
Things to see and do in Viterbo
The province of Viterbo is popular for history buff as it is home to a number of sites that date back to the ancient world. Chief of these if a UNESCO World Heritage site, the Etruscan Necropolis. The capital city, Viterbo, has been preserved so that some of the structures dating back centuries can still be observed. The central Piazza San Lorenzo stands a 12th century cathedral, the Palazzo dei Papi. The Palazzo dei Papi has been the residence of popes since 1255. A little trivia is that the longest ever conclave, or choosing of the next pope, took place here as well. There is also the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, the oldest place of worship in the region and the St. Peters Church, which dates back to the 8th century. One can also take a leisurely stroll through the Parco dei Mostri or Park of Monsters. Gardens, fantastic sculptures and buildings adorn the gardens and they can be a fun filled excursion. Viterbo has diverse options for visitors who like the water, with lakes like the Bolsena lakes. Containing the small tourist islands of Martana and Bisentina, these areas are an excellent place for a relaxing getaway. Tourists also flock to the terme, of spas of the Viterbo. These have been around since Antiquity and were utilized by even the Etruscans. Expanded by the Romans, they were a favorite vacation spot for medieval popes to go for treatment and relaxation. The coastline offers a third form of water based activity for visitors, with all manner of seas shore delights available. Viterbo is also home to many festivals, some notable ones are the Festa di Santa Rosa, Sagra delle Castagne and the Palio delle Contrade.
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